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邂逅北欧冰雪芬兰百年城市与当代建筑之旅

发布时间: 2017-05-03 14:53:57 编辑:crystal 来源: 城视窗 浏览次数:
由米兰HOAA国际与城视窗.中国联合拍摄的《城视·致敬国际设计大师》栏目组远赴芬兰首都赫尔辛基,采访到了芬兰PES建筑设计事务所创始人Pekka Salminen先生,他向我们介绍了很多关于这座北欧冰雪王国的建筑历史风貌和PES建筑设计事务所30年来主导赫尔辛基机场与海湾码头等城市重大项目的建设历程。

  Finnish design is well known from 1915 onwardsas a design for everyday life, 

  芬兰设计从1915年起就因对日常生活的关注而闻名于世

  and this is the point, 

  这是重点

  timeless design for everyday life.

  对日常生活不受时间限制的设计

  And that means that,

  这意味着

  it creates the feeling and environment already for the visitors even,

  它甚至为游客创造了一种感觉与环境

  very comfortable, and relaxing even,

  非常舒适与放松

  because that is also the life style,

  因为这也是一种生活方式

  rather modest, but enjoyable and relaxing,

  非常适度,让人享受

  the way not so hectic than in the main metropoles of the world.

  不像世界其他大都会那样狂热

  Helsinki airport is almost a life-time project for me.

  赫尔辛基机场对我来说是持续一生的一个项目

  My office has worked with this project without any break 30 years.

  我的工作室已经30年不中断地进行这个项目

  Originally when I started to design this terminal,

  最初当我开始设计这个航站楼的时候

  the area was very limited,

  区域非常有限

  because this is not a new terminal,

  因为这不是个新的航站楼

  because there was old terminal,

  而是一个旧的

  it should be enlarged.

  有待扩大的航站楼

  And there were two runways,

  这里当时有两个跑道

  and the angle between runways creates sort of triangle,

  跑道中间的夹角类似于三角形

  and that triangle defined the form of this new terminal.

  而三角形决定了这个新航站楼的表现形式

  This triangle idea is developed in many many places in this terminal,

  三角形的创意在航站楼的许多地方得以表现

  like not only the floor,

  不仅在地板

  butlike in the main departure hall.

  还有主要的出发大厅

  You will see the big skylight,

  你能看到巨大的天窗

  they are all triangle by the same form,

  都是三角形的

  and even the main big departure hall is triangle.

  就连整个出发大厅都是三角形的

  And you will see also this ceiling, aluminium ceiling,

  你还能看到铝制的天花板

  similar triangle motive all the time.

  也都是三角形的形式

  So we are now at the port of Helsinki.

  我们现在在赫尔辛基港口

  That’s a harbour which it’s for the boat traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn.

  这个港口是为了赫尔辛基与塔林只见交通所建

  The idea of the boats is that they are ferries,

  往来的都是渡轮

  which are filed with passengers, and also passenger cars,

  装满了游客和游客的车辆

  and heavy transportation traffic, like big trucks.

  同时还有重型的交通设备比如大卡车

  The most special thing to make terminal like it is,

  最特别的一点事

  is that there is a new area, housing area, next to the harbour,

  航站楼有一个新的区域,毗邻港口

  and the space for the terminal harbour functions is very limited.

  所以港口航站楼的功能区域就非常受限

  So the harbour area is a little bit too small,

  港口区域非常小

  and the space is needed for this car traffic which we can see around the terminal.

  但此空间对于车辆交通又是必须的

  And that’s why the footprint of the terminal has to be really small.

  所以这就是为什么航站楼的过道设计的如此狭长

  And all the traffic is actually driving under the terminal.

  并且让交通在航站楼的底下穿行

  We as foreigner, we see that all historical Chinese design,

  作为外国人,我们认为所有中国的传统设计

  itis really fantastic,

  都非常美妙

  it is really timeless.

  非常永恒

  So I think, and I am sure that in the future and soon,

  所以我认为,我也很确定在不久的未来

  Even in China, it will be trendy, even to see backwards a little bit,

  在中国会有一种往回看的趋势

  and to own culture, and to find from there even some new things of course,

  往自己的文化中看,发现新的东西

  but not try to find from the west too much. 

  而不是一味地借鉴西方


【PES部分国内外经典建筑作品赏析】

一、无锡大剧院  


























二、福州海峡文化艺术中心  


























三、西码头项目  












 

四、赫尔辛基机场

 
 


关键字:芬兰,Pekka Salminen,建筑
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