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五年辛苦不寻常——伦敦机器砖墙建筑抢鲜看

发布时间: 2019-08-01 18:03:53 编辑:刘雅琪 来源: world-architects 浏览次数:
位于伦敦伊斯灵顿(Islington)的卡斯伯里(Canonbury)社区附近的一个小型住宅区通过其深色砖砌面板与维多利亚时代的邻居融为一体。但仔细观察就可以发现机器人制造得以呈现的精细图案纹理。该住宅经过五年的时间精心建造,最终克服了社区环境、材料工艺等各方面困难得以完成。下面请看城视窗为您带来的详细介绍。



项目:Islington Residence,2019
地点:Canonbury,Islington, London
客户:私人
建筑师:Evonort, London, and Bernhard von Erlach Architekt ETH SIA, Bern Switzerland
总承包商:John Perkins Projects Ltd, London
制造商:ROBmade by Keller Ziegeleien,Pfungen,Switzerland
产品:机器生产的外墙板
砖材:Kelesto熟料砖,火山岩

 

 

路人很容易忽略新增的这座灰砖建筑

 

与伦敦的许多住宅区一样,伊斯灵顿对待传统非常严肃。居民们珍爱街道两旁的乔治亚风格和维多利亚风格的联排别墅——以至于在佳能集团地区要增加一个小小的两层楼都遇到了像建一座新塔楼一样的阻力,而这样一间在石墙外几乎看不见的砖头房子就不会这样了。根据埃沃诺特(Evonort)建筑公司的亚当·霍华德(Adam Howard)的说法,该建筑公司受雇获得规划许可,然后将该项目进行招标和施工。该项目必须经过两轮批准才能获得规划许可。由于砖墙采用当代而非传统的表达方式,该项目在第一轮被拒绝。虽然砖墙的设计在此之后保持不变,但其高度却降低了半米;这足以使其得到一个对设计有热情的委员会的批准。从开始到结束,该项目——100平方米的加建和320平方米的主屋翻新——花了五年时间,对于单户住宅来说时间较长,但却清楚证明了对前沿设计的抵制。、

Islington, like many residential districts in London, is serious about its heritage. Residents cherish the streets lined with Georgian and Victorian townhouses — so much that a small two-story addition in the Canonbury area was met with resistance on par with a new tower rather than a brick box barely glimpsed over a stone wall. According to Adam Howard of Evonort, the architecture firm that was hired to gain planning permission and then took the project through to tender and construction, the project had to go through two rounds of approvals. With brick walls in a contemporary rather than traditional expression, the project was rejected in the first round. While the design of the brick walls stayed the same after that, its height was lowered by half a meter; it was enough for the project to gain approval by a committee that enthusiastically embraced the design. From start to finish, the project — the 100m2 addition and the refurbishment of the 320m2 main house — took five years, a long period for a single-family residence but clear evidence of resistance to cutting-edge design.

 



增加的弯曲部分(在左侧墙壁中可见)以满足需要


客户邀请了他们的堂兄加入,即来自瑞士的建筑师Bernhard von Erlach。他开发了最初的设计概念,随后又在书上看到ROBmade砖面板制作公司的项目成品,该公司也位于瑞士,主要生产由砖和水平粘接接头组成的预制外墙板,名称中的“ROB”指的是进行生产并能够实现具有复杂几何形状面板的机器人。最终,业主们决心用这种材料实现他们想要的特别建筑。


The clients brought in their cousin, architect Bernhard von Erlach from Switzerland, to develop the initial pavilion concept, at one point seeing a project in a coffee table book that was built with ROBmade brick panels. The company, also based in Switzerland, produces prefabricated facade panels composed of bricks and horizontal adhesive joints; the "ROB" in their name refers to the robots that do the production and are capable of achieving panels with complex geometries.The owners were determined to realize their own version of one of the company's striking brick walls.




砖板放置在低矮的窗户钢架之上,将光线降到较低

 

底层的砖板包裹着厨房和用餐区,而地下层作为主人孩子的游戏室。带有滑动面板的双层玻璃墙面向青翠的院子,在这里砖块用于保护隐私,而不仅仅是为了建筑表达。砖块之间的间隙意味着光线在白天从这一侧进入,并在夜间从内部透光。这些面板位于一个钢制的角度,这是一个包裹着两面的水平窗户的顶端,为楼下的游戏室带来了光线。


The brick panels on the ground floor wrap a kitchen and eating area while the lower ground floor — sunken into the ground when the height was reduced — serves as a playroom for the owner's children. A double-height glass wall with sliding panels faces the verdant yard, meaning the brick is used for privacy, not just architectural expression. Solid on the long side, the ROBmade panels sit partially in front of a glass window that faces the street and frames a rectangular opening for the kitchen. Gaps between the bricks mean dots of light enter from this side during the day and glow from inside at night. The panels sit on a steel angle that is the header of horizontal windows that wrap two sides and brings light to the playroom downstairs.
 



面板之间的接缝是不可见的

 

虽然建筑很小,只有17块面板,每块重约850公斤,但该项目并非没有设计和施工问题。虽然砖在墙的中间可以自由地以羽毛状图案起伏,但它们必须在底部和顶部返回直线:如此一来,在底部,面板不会在钢角上施加任何不对称的负荷,在顶部,栏杆顶盖可以包裹在砖上。埃沃诺特(Evonort)建筑公司的亚当·霍华德(Adam Howard)与客户合作,并与von Erlach和ROBmade协调解决这些和其他细节,例如面板的尺寸,以便它们可以放在伦敦卡车上,并通过任何可以放在院子里的起重机将其提升到位。每一个细节都必须在点击按钮直接操作远在苏黎世的机器人之前解决。在那之后,生产和交付只需要六周时间,只需三天就能将面板提升到位。


Though small and with only 17 panels weighing around 850kg each, the project was not without its design and construction issues. While the bricks are free to undulate in a feather-like pattern in the middle of the wall, they have to return to straight lines at the base and the top: at the base so the panels do not put any asymmetrical loads on the steel angles supporting them; and at the top so the parapet coping can wrap over the brick. Evonort's Howard worked with the client and coordinated with von Erlach and ROBmade to resolve these and other details, such as sizing of the panels so they could fit on London trucks and be lifted into place by whatever crane could fit in the yard. Every detail, no matter how minor, had to be resolved before the button could be literally clicked on the robot in Zurich. Once that happened, it took just six weeks for production and delivery, and only three days to lift the panels into place.
 



大型滑动玻璃墙为厨房和庭院开辟了游戏室


一旦将面板提升到位,由ROBmade制作的羽毛状图案将被拉链状间隙打破。由于机器人的精密制造,不可能在现场将面板合在一起,于是在单独的砖块一侧进行粘合来将间隙密封到位,从而将面板交错咬合成无缝组合物。

 

Once the panels were lifted into place, the feather-like pattern crafted by ROBmade was broken up by zipper-like gaps. With the tight tolerances of robotic fabrication, it was impossible to lock the panels together on site. So the gaps were sealed in place by placing individual bricks and gluing on one side to allow for movement, thereby meshing the panels together into a seamless composition. 
 


砖面板与立面上的厨房窗户重叠,俯瞰街道



在夜晚的街道上看,砖块之间的间隙在玻璃之外也创造了点点灯光



ROBmade面板由在苏黎世的机器人生产



街道上排列好的面板准备安装



将板提升到适当位置,然后将单独的砖块装配到接缝中以与面板“网格化”
 

城视窗原创翻译图文专题,转载请联系授权

 

关键字:城视窗,英国,伦敦,伊斯灵顿,传统,融入,机器砖墙
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