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C40世界市长峰会落幕 欧洲最绿色城市在哪?

发布时间: 2019-10-17 17:12:46 编辑:刘雅琪 来源: Wallpaper 浏览次数:


When it comes to climate change, Copenhagen isn’t messing around. Before you even touch down at the airport, a cluster of offshore wind turbines swirl their steely arms – a jubilant welcome, but also a guilt-ridden reminder that you’re arriving into the world’s greenest city, by plane.


The C40 World Mayors Summit 2019 is now in full swing. The global network of metro-chiefs is gathering in Copenhagen to discuss all things climate change, compare notes and root out the guiltiest fossil fuel guzzlers. C40, which organises the summit every three years in one of the 96-member cities, are now working towards the Women4climate conference in Sydney next April, celebrating women at the forefront of climate action.


2016年《巴黎协定》墨迹未干之时,这座曾经烟雾缭绕的工业城市就已经开始积极行动了,致力于通过循环和回收再利用,在2025年之前达到碳中性状态。哥本哈根市长Frank Jensen解释说:“我的很多市长同事都把哥本哈根作为一个基准,因为我们的确有到2025年实现碳中和的切实可行的计划,而且我们有很多具体的可持续性解决方案。”
Before the ink on the 2016 Paris Agreement was dry, this once smoggy industrial city had already hit the ground running, cycling and recycling its way to earning carbon neutral status by 2025. ‘Many of my [mayoral] colleagues use Copenhagen as a benchmark because we have this plan to be carbon neutral by 2025, and we have a lot of concrete solutions for sustainability,’ explains Copenhagen’s mayor, Frank Jensen.


The summit though is a chance for Jensen to share as much as gloat. ‘We can often talk about stealing ideas from each other, but it is legal to steal ideas from people in C40,’ he explains. ‘You have to be very active to become a member of the C40. You have to deliver and cannot be a sleeping partner. If you’re a sleeping partner, you’re thrown out of the organisation.’

哥本哈根当然没有不积极。自2005年以来,通过减少化石燃料和鼓励更可持续的交通工具,它已成功减排42%。Arup建筑事务所设计开发的Wilkinson Eyre造型优美的内港大桥于今年9月揭幕,桥梁便于自行车和行人通行,符合城市的“环境敏感性”和秉持这种设计思考的地铁。

Copenhagen has certainly not been sleeping. Since 2005, it has managed to cut emissions by 42 per cent by snubbing fossil fuels and backing more sustainable means of transport, developing Wilkinson Eyre’s sleek inner harbour bridge, dedicated to cyclists and pedestrians, and the city’s ‘environmentally sensible’ and design-minded metro line, led by Arup Architects and unveiled this September.

We travelled to Denmark to explore a few of the many ways the city is addressing climate issues and envisaging a cleaner, greener way of global living.
Copenhill / Amager Bakke垃圾发电厂
随着垃圾焚烧发电技术的发展,Amager资源中心(又名Copenhill)已经不仅仅是一个普通的方形建筑。这个令人期待已久的项目刚刚开放了屋顶,运用了Bjarke Ingels集团的“快乐主义的可持续性”思路,在垃圾转化能源工厂的顶部设置了一个人工滑雪斜坡、休闲徒步旅行区和攀岩墙。这家工厂的首席执行官Jacob Hartvig Simonsen表示,在炉子上建一个滑雪坡是个好主意,也很疯狂:“我们为人们提供了一个安全的设施,让他们在上面玩耍。”
As rubbish burners go, the Amager Resource Center (AKA Copenhill) is not a run-of-the-mill square-blocked eyesore. The long-anticipated project, which has just opened its roof, deploys Bjarke Ingels Group’s ‘hedonistic sustainability’ with an artificial ski slope, recreational hiking area and climbing wall on top of the waste-to-energy plant. ‘It’s a very good idea and a crazy idea to build a ski slope on a furnace,’ says the plant’s CEO Jacob Hartvig Simonsen. ‘We have provided a safe facility for them to play on.’


The plant itself opened in 2017 and aims to treat 400,000 tonnes of waste annually. It already supplies 150,000 Danish households with district heating and 70,000 with electricity from non-recyclable waste. The only hiccup is there might not be enough local waste to keep its fires burning. Fortunately, neighbouring countries have bounteous trash at their disposal. Last year, the plant imported and processed around 80,000 tonnes of waste from Great Britain previously destined for landfill. Copenhill might be the ticket to giving waste disposal some much-needed airtime. copenhill.dk

In a tucked-away corner of the ‘climate change adapted’ district of Østerbro is large spiral staircase. It leads to the Eden of all city farms, Østergro. On the roof of a former car auction house you’ll find 600 sq m of organic vegetables, herbs, edible flowers, beehives and a coop of clucking hens. Nothing feels too preened, and you wouldn’t want it to be.


在这个世界上,人们几乎不知道自己餐桌上的食物是怎么来的,但Østergro作为农业教育的一个平台,可以给游客上一个粮食生产和可持续价值的短训课。这座农场的餐厅,Gro Spiseri使用来自当地农场和Østergro的季节性食材,从生产一直到碗里。这份菜单是荤素搭配的,但主要是以植物为基础的食物,由一群合作密切的厨师熟练而精心地烹饪,其中一些厨师还来自高级餐厅。
In a world where we’ve almost severed ties with the roots of our food, Østergro also serves as a platform for agricultural education, giving visitors a crash course in food production and the value of sustainable eating. The farm’s restaurant, Gro Spiseri serves a biodynamic mix of sharing plates, using seasonal ingredients from local farms and Østergro’s own produce, dished up from stem to bowl. The menu – omnivorous, but heavily weighted on plant-based foods – is executed with skill and grace by a close-knit team of chefs, some of whom have the kitchens of Noma, 108 and Manfreds on their CVs.


在Cisternerne阴森可怖的深处,一个地下水库变成了艺术展览空间,看起来介于大教堂地下室和密室之间。自丹麦艺术团体Superflex(由Jakob Fenger, Rasmus Nielsen和Bjørnstjerne Christiansen组成)在今年早些时候着手布置它起,它就代表着昏暗的,潮湿,肮脏的人类终结之处。
The eerie depths of Cisternerne, a subterranean reservoir turned art exhibition space look somewhere between a cathedral crypt and The Chamber of Secrets. Since Danish art collective Superflex (comprised of Jakob Fenger, Rasmus Nielsen and Bjørnstjerne Christiansen) got their hands on it earlier this year, it’s stood for the dingy, damp, squalid end of humanity.


Their exhibition takes a dystopian stance on issues of climate. The cistern has been flooded in a foot of water. Dare to edge deeper though the water and into almost complete darkness, and something very bright and very blue cuts through the gloom. ‘It is not the end of the world’, reads a pulsating neon sign. Perhaps a declaration of hope, or a warning that if we continue our self-destructive behavior, the world will go on, with or without us.



This scenario might feel tricky to imagine, but Copenhagen had a taste of this in 2011 when six inches of rainfall in three hours deluged the city and caused six billion Danish Kroner in damage. In the same year, the city developed its Climate Adaption Plan to prevent the impact of extreme climate shifts.
The exhibition, which runs until 30 November, might leave you with lingering insecurity, but a few things are certain: you’ll need a pair of wellies (which are provided), a robust disposition and an open mind. cisternerne.dk



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