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鹿特丹拱形大市场:城市标志建筑,远不止于市场

发布时间: 2020-06-19 20:02:11 编辑: pengruiping 来源: 城视窗 浏览次数:
鹿特丹有了一个新的标志——鹿特丹市场,位于Binnenrotte历史街区,毗邻Blaak火车站和鹿特丹最大的每周一次的露天新鲜食品和五金市场,也是荷兰第一个有顶盖的市场.该市场一层有80多个摊位,由拱形住宅体量笼罩.夸张的拱形形状和丰富多彩的室内将市场变成一个独特的景象。

MVRDV在荷兰鹿特丹设计了一座拱形室内集市。集市内可以容纳96个农产品销售台,20个酒类及其他物品零售台。集市上方的拱形由228个公寓单元组成。集市下方的停车场共有四层能提供1200个车位。这种集市加公寓的组合方式无疑是世界头例。未来这里将有来自世界各地的美食产品和当地的新鲜农业产品,让人领略到舌尖上的世界风味和健康滋味。
 

 
这个世界上开先河的拱形市场+公寓+停车场一面试就受到世界媒体和城市群众的瞩目,成为当地的坐标。市场坐落在城市繁华区,河流与跌路从旁边经过,古老的大教堂与市场遥相呼应。市民可以通过地铁,电车,公共汽车等交通方式方便的到达市场。市场的1200位停车场全天候24小时开放。
 

 
拱形的建筑具有良好的开放形象。市场大厅长120米,宽70米,高40米。两个端头是透明的玻璃幕墙,顶部是绚丽多彩的绘画。绘画由鹿特丹艺术家Arno Coenen和Iris Roskam合作完成,用PIX的动画软件,将水果,鱼,面包,鲜花与附近的大教堂等等景色重叠起来,整个顶部艺术绘画的创作色彩丰富,内容繁多,意喻新鲜的事物从太阳上降落。这样大面积的壁画创作的实现依靠3D投影技术,是的,您看到的图像经过投影论证效果后实际制作并安装上去的,因为图像的面积很大,一台电脑无法读取,因此发到了多台电脑和投影机进行分别处理与投影。另外在拱形的内部,也就是市场的天花和墙面上布置了2mm厚的吸音板,为市场创造了良好的声学环境。市场开放的时间是周一到周六的早九点到晚九点,周日是中午十二点到下午6点。

 

 

The covered market, designed by architects MVRDV, is located in the city center of Rotterdam and comprises 96 fresh produce units and 20 hospitality and retail units. The roof of Markthal is shaped by an arch of 228 apartments. A four-story underground car park offers 1.200 parking lots. This combination of market and housing is the first of its kind, making it a world premiere. The inside of the archway bears the biggest artwork in the Netherlands: The Horn of Plenty, designed by Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam.
 

Markthal draws inspiration from food markets in Barcelona, Valencia and Stockholm. Market vendors will offer a diverse range of regional and international products such as fresh fish, poultry, cheeses, coffee, vegetables and fruit, besides a crockery and a wine shop. Next to the sales units,  ‘The World of Taste’, a center for education, information and innovation in the field of healthy eating and ‘The Time Stairs’ aim to engage the visitors in the history of food and its development. The Time Stairs is a permanent exhibition along the central staircase of Markthal which will showcase the archeological finds discovered during the site excavation.
 

 

Markthal will be open seven days a week, Mondays to Saturdays from 10 am till 8 pm (late opening till 9 pm), and Sundays from 12 pm till 6 pm, with extended opening times for the restaurants. The underground parking is open 24 hours a day.

 

Rotterdam has a new icon: Markthal Rotterdam. At a historical location at the Binnenrotte, next to BlaakStation and the largest weekly open air fresh food and hardware market in Rotterdam, the first covered market of the Netherlands was realised. Markthal includes a huge market floor on the ground floor under an arch of apartments. Its shape, its colourful interiorand the height turns Markthal into an unique spectacle. Unique is not only its shape and size, but especially the way the different functions are combined. The combination of an apartment building covering a fresh food market with food shops, restaurants, a supermarket and an underground parking is found nowhere else in the world.

 

城市转型

Markthal在实现之前就已经是一个成功:它是一个崭新的图标,已经吸引了大量的国际媒体和参观者。位于市中心的建筑植根于该城市的历史,与中世纪晚期的“ Laurenskerk”(劳伦斯教堂)平行,并位于罗特河沿岸的前堤防所在地。 19世纪末,这条河被改道而改建了一条通往马斯河南岸的火车高架桥。在1990年代,此轨迹被重建为地下隧道,而当前的长方形广场应运而生,每周两次为露天新鲜食品市场提供空间。旧高架线两侧的1950年代建筑物突然面对着新广场,并从此被替换。

 

 

Markthal意味着对周边地区的重要推动力,这对城市经济做出了巨大贡献。 Markthal拥有每日新鲜食品市场,商店和公寓,在附近创造了连贯性和联系性,将达到新的中心地位。 Markthal建成后,鹿特丹市将开始整修Binnenrotte广场,以使其在没有室外市场的日子里也更具吸引力。翻新后的户外市场将被重新配置,市场通道将无缝连接至Markthal的入口,以使公众轻松进入和退出建筑物,并在室内和室外两个市场之间建立激励机制。
 

 

该建筑是鹿特丹城市结构中的一项新声明,其从重建和城市更新之日起的标志性多样性就很高,而且还有一些近年来已经实现的新建筑。通过一系列大型项目和无数自下而上的项目,这座城市雄心勃勃,希望将更多的人安置在市中心,并提高后工业鹿特丹的生活质量,这符合该城市的雄心。建筑风格的结合为Markthal的壮观设计提供了绝佳的环境。
 

 

Urban transformation

Markthal was a success already before being realised:it is a new and fresh icon which already has attracted large quantities of international press and visitors. The centrally located building is rooted in the city’s  history, located parallel to the late medieval ‘Laurenskerk’ (Laurens church) and at the location of the former dike along the river Rotte. This river was diverted at the end of the 19th centuryin favour of a train line viaduct leading to the south bank of  the river Maas. In the 1990’s this trajectory was rebuilt as an underground tunnel and the current oblong square emerged which offers room for the open air fresh food market twice a week. The 1950’s buildings on either side of the old highline suddenly faced the new square with their backsides and have been replaced ever since.
 

 

Markthal means an important impulse to its surrounding area which is a strong contribution to the urban economy. Markthal with its daily fresh food market, shops and apartments, creates coherence and connections in the neighbourhood which will reach a new centrality. After completion of Markthal, the city of Rotterdam will start to refurbish Binnenrotte Square to make it more attractive also on days that there is no outdoor market. After the refurbishment the outdoor market will be reconfigured, the market lanes will connect seamlessly to the entrances of Markthal, to allow the public to easily enter and exit the building and to create incentives between the two markets, indoor and outdoor.

 

The building is a new statement in the urban structure of Rotterdam with its high diversity of icons from the days of reconstruction and urban renewal, but also some new buildings that have been realised over the last years. It is in line with the city’s ambition to house more people in the centre and to raise the life quality in post-industrial Rotterdam through a series of large scale projects and countless bottom-up projects. The combination of styles of architecture forms an excellent environment for the spectacular design of Markthal.

关键字:鹿特丹,拱形大市场,城市,城视窗,建筑
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